Jim Dine American, born 1935
Dine was a prominent figure in American Pop Art and was best known for his combination of real objects set against backgrounds of painterly textures. He first studied at the University of Cincinnati and then at the Boston School of Fine Applied Arts, from 1953 to 1957. He had his first one-man show at the Reuben Gallery, New York in 1960.
In 1959-60 he came to the fore as one of the pioneers of Happenings, sometimes collaborating with Claes Oldenburg.
He also collaborated with the British Pop artist Eduardo Paolozzi in a series of collages.
Dine is considered to have been a pioneer of the ‘process’ or performance art of the late 1960s and early 1970’s. Later he turned to representational painting of a traditional, classical kind.
Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns were very influential on Dine's work, as was Marcel Duchamp. Dine continually tested the boundaries of works of art often using real objects in his paintings (such as bathrobes, ties, hair and household appliances. Most of his creations make their initial impact as visual puns or parodies, with all kinds of juxtapositions and combinations of elements and images. In the 1960's Dine enclosed objects within glass boxes, cast life-size feet, boots and hands and made plywood hearts and executed collages.
Dine's first set of prints was completed in 1960 and consists of five black lithographs which are essentially expressionist images. Dine has been enormously prolific in print production and uses or combines - intaglio, lithography, woodcut and screenprint. He works with an array of unconventional hand and machine tools on his print surfaces and occasionally on the paper itself. Dine frequently returns to his plates and essentially recycles them. By making alterations and erasures Dine allows the evidence of correction and revision to enrich his prints with what he describes as their "History".
Public collections include:
Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
Jewish Museum, New York, USA
Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas, Texas, USA
Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Whitney Museum, New York, USA